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Ukrplan
location:Ukraine
function:research
area:603 700 km2
status:research (2010)
photo:Yevgen Pavlov
team:Artem Abrosimov, Arina Ageeva, Yana Bryukhovetska, Serhiy Vlasov, Oleg Drozdov, Serhii Kostianyi, Oleksandr Pominchuk, Sergey Rusanov, Oleh Chebotarev
partners:Grafprom (Maria Norazyan, Illya Pavlov)
This project is a naive and romantic attempt to summarize Ukrainian and international experience of urbanism, population settlement planning and human interaction with nature.
Problem. The density of Ukrainian population is declining. Those people who used to live in the countryside and in small regional centres are now moving to big cities. All taxes flow to the centre of the country, and only a fraction of them is returned. Distribution network is also centralised.
If we compare the country with a blood vascular system, one could talk of the atrophy of its smallest capillaries. A striking evidence for this is the fact that the country lacks human and financial resources to keep the whole territory in a homogenous state.
Chernobyl phenomenon. Apart from all its negative consequences, Chernobyl disaster also brought about one positive effect. It is the creation of a unique natural conservation area.
The very absence of human factor encouraged self-renewal of natural mechanisms. Thanks to them the exclusion zone has turned into ecological oasis.
Country as a transit way. Since ancient times Ukraine has served as an internationally important buffer between the east and the west, the south and the north.
Prospects. The arable territory of the country is reduced by 20-30% due to newly-created natural conservation areas, which remain untouched until the country becomes developed enough to control them. A new infrastructure is formed which takes into consideration natural reserves, as well as regional and historical connections.
On the intersections of new infrastructure routes there appear modules of sustainability. Apart from being distrubution centres, these modules serve in the first place as agoras, saturated with different functions, satisfying public need for communication and cultural exchange.
New regionalism. New infrastructure creates a new regional situation, conducive to even development.
Introductory video for UKRPLAN project